As per the latest projects of the United Nations, it is estimated that there will be over 10 billion humans living on earth by the end of 2100. This inevitably means that there will be a rising growth for goods and supplies which are mostly developed from non-renewable resources. If this continues for long, we are here to meet our doom.
The Global Scenario:
The environmental changes were one of the forebearers driving humans to understand that there’s something seriously wrong in the way we live. With abrupt climate change, ozone layer depletion, dead zones and acid rain there are endless indicators to evoke our concerns. Even though land, air and water is highly polluted globally, improvements have begun to change the ecological balance for better.
It is estimated that water-stressed areas of the world are now being inhabited by 3.6 billion people which is expected to rise to 5.7 billion by 2050. With the present climate change in mind, around 24 million to 700 million people will have to be displaced by the next 10 years.
Growing global consumption:
Back in 2009, a report conducted by Global Outlook had shown that there will be a rise in global energy consumption until 2030. Also, the density of population has increased by a whopping 250 per cent in the past 50 years. With the rise in population, the current rate of consumption will not be sustained for long.
It is high time we ponder on how unsustainable use of energy has led to increased waste, water shortage and air pollution. A statistics of 2016 shows that the renowned cities around the world had produced 2.01 billion tonnes of solid waste which amounts to 0.74 kgs per individual in a day. It doesn’t end here. Every year, 5 trillion plastic bags are produced and used all over the world with only 9 percent being recycled. Now the question is, what happens to the rest? Well, about 79 per cent is used as landfills and 12 per cent is incinerated. If this continues without any systemic sustenance, then by the end of 2050, the plastic industry will gobble up 20 percent of total oil reserves in monetary terms.
Most companies believe that it takes a lot more money to become sustainable which the consumers may deny paying. But it is important to understand that it is directly linked to our survival and thus due importance should be given to it.